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多学科视角下的恢复性自然环境研究 综述
刘畅,李树华*
0
()
摘要:
恢复性环境指对人身心健康具有恢复或促进作用 的环境,非威胁性的自然环境通常被认为是典型的恢复性环 境。因此,以“恢复性自然环境”为议题,对近40年的研究 成果,从学科背景、研究层次、研究方法、研究结论等方面 进行综合分析,归纳整理出6种重要的研究视角,即遗传进化 视角、心理机制视角、公共卫生视角、辅助治疗视角、规划 设计视角和文化溯源视角,并对每一种视角的研究思路和重 要成果进行了概述。研究的目的在于为多学科的互相借鉴与 融合提供基础,继而实现恢复性自然环境研究在理论与实践 上的连续统一。
关键词:  风景园林  恢复性自然环境  健康效益  多学科  研究视角  比较研究
DOI:
基金项目:
Review of Restorative Natural Environment underMultidisciplinary Perspectives
LIU Chang,LI Shuhua
()
Abstract:
Restorative environments refer to the ones which can benefit human physical and mental health via promotional or restorative functions. Nonthreatening natural environment is usually supposed to be a typical kind of restorative environment. In this sense, restorative natural environment is discussed as the theme of this article and concluded into 6 research perspectives according to a synthesis analysis of discipline backgrounds, research levels, research methods and research conclusions for the relative researches in recent 40 years. For each perspective, the general framework and prominent achievements are reviewed. This study aims to provide foundation for mutual reference and cooperation among different disciplines and realize a continuum of theories and practices for restorative natural environment research.
Key words:  landscape architecture  restorative natural environment  health benefit  multidisciplinary  research perspective  comparative study

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