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基于人居环境三元理论的乡村景观 游憩价值研究
张琳,马椿栋
0
()
摘要:
随着乡村旅游的迅速发展,乡村景观的游憩价值日益受到人们的关注。从乡村游憩产生的动机和特征入手,寻找乡村人居环境“背景元”“活动元”“建设元”有机联系、三元互动的关系,分析由背景元主导的乡村游憩资源的构成要素及功能特征。以优美性、乡土性、宜游性为价值标准,建立乡村景观游憩价值评价的指标体系,提出乡村景观游憩价值的核心,坚持和传承乡村人居环境背景的整体保护、乡村人居活动的活化、乡村人居建设因地制宜的传统,保护乡村人居环境的自然度、丰富度、和谐度;突出乡村文化的地域性、原真性、传承性;优化乡村建设的清洁度、舒适度和可达度。从而以游憩价值的发掘和利用为契机、实现乡村景观价值的保护、彰显和提升,以游憩为推动力,促进乡村人居环境的改善提质。
关键词:  风景园林  人居环境  乡村景观  游憩价值  乡村旅游
DOI:
基金项目:
On the Value of Rural Landscape Recreation Based on the Trilism Theory of Human Settlements
ZHANG Lin,MA Chundong
()
Abstract:
With rapid development of rural tourism, the recreation value of rural landscape sees increasing attentions. Starting from the motive and characteristics of rural recreation's generation, exploring the organic connection and trilism interaction among background, activity, and construction of rural human settlements, the constitutive elements and functional characteristics of rural human settlements recreational resources are analyzed. The rural landscape recreation value assessment system is framed according to beautiful feature, local feature, and tourism-adaptive feature. Further, the core of the conservation and development of rural landscape recreation value is keeping integrated conservation of rural human settlements background, living in heritage of rural human settlements activity, and local adjustment of rural human settlements construction. The nature, diversity, and harmony of rural human settlements should be conserved; the regionalism, localization, and tradition of rural culture should be enhanced; the cleanness, comfort, and accessibility of rural construction should be modified. Thus, with the opportunity of developing and utilizing recreational value, realizing the conservation, respect, and enhancement of rural landscape value, motivated by recreation demands, the overall improvement and development of rural human settlements can be accelerated.
Key words:  landscape architecture  human settlement  rural landscape  recreation value  rural tourism

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