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草原人居环境保护与发展三元论 ——以新疆伊犁河谷为例
阿拉衣·阿不都艾力,马椿栋,刘滨谊*
0
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摘要:
坚守“山水林田湖草是一个生命共同体”的理念,聚焦伊犁河谷草原人居环境背景资源、活动方式、规划建设的三元一体,将草原人居环境作为三元互动、不断成长的生命体,尝试寻找一种构建荒野、乡村、城市共存融合的草原人居环境保护与发展模式。以客观规律为依据,以主观需求为准绳,寻找及保留草原人居环境演化中相对稳定不变的基因,构建草原人居环境CVA三力评价体系,建立草原人居环境发展CVA量化模型,以求指导草原人居环境未来的保护与发展。推行这种模式不仅可为中国西部地区提供生态安全保障,也将使伊犁河谷成为多种人居环境生命共同体的典范。
关键词:  风景园林  人居环境科学  三元论  草原人居环境  新疆伊犁河谷
DOI:
基金项目:
The Grassland Human Settlement Protection and Development Trilism Theory—A Case Study of Yili River Valley in Xinjiang
A Layi · A Buduaili,MA Chundong,LIU Binyi
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Abstract:
Adhering to the concept of "mountain, river, forest, field, lake, and grass are a community of life" this study focuses on the ternary integration of background resources, activities, planning and construction of the Yili River valley grassland human settlement, and regards the grassland human settlement as a ternary interaction and growing living body, in order to find a grassland human settlement protection and development pattern that can integrate the wilderness, rural areas and cities in harmony. Based on the criterion of objective laws and subjective needs, it researches and preserves the relatively stable genes in the evolution of the grassland human settlement, then constructs the CVA three-force evaluation system and establishes a CVA quantitative development pattern for grassland human settlements, in order to guide future protection and development. The implementation of this pattern will not only provide ecological security for western China, but will also make the Yili River Valley a pattern for a variety of living communities.
Key words:  landscape architecture  human environment science  trilism theory  grassland human settlement  Yili River valley in Xinjiang

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