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校园绿地声景观对情绪和注意力的 影响 ——以福建农林大学为例
翁羽西,朱玉洁,董嘉莹,王敏华,董建文*
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摘要:
为探讨校园绿地声景观对大学生情绪和注意力的影 响,邀请30名大学生在实景环境中进行视听体验,通过眼动 追踪技术、皮肤电响应来分析不同声景对注意力和情绪影响的 差异,以及声景的视觉注意对情绪唤醒的影响。结果表明: 1)与低自然声相比,在交通声和人工声为主导的声景环境 中,人的情绪唤醒程度显著增加;2)不同类型声景对视觉注 意力产生显著影响,当声源足够显著时,会引导人们在视觉场 景中搜索与之相关的景观要素;3)在低声压级的自然声环境 中,通过听觉信息引导体验者关注绿色植物,是降低生理唤醒 度、提高自然疗愈力的有效方法。在未来校园绿地规划和设计 中,应当将声景作为一个重要的疗愈因子纳入考虑。
关键词:  风景园林  恢复性环境  声景观  校园环境  情 绪  注意力  眼动
DOI:
基金项目:
Effects of Soundscape on Emotion and Attentionon Campus Green Space—A Case Study of FujianAgriculture and Forestry University
WENG Yuxi,ZHU Yujie,DONG Jiaying,WANG Minhua,DONG Jianwen
()
Abstract:
In order to explore the effects of soundscape on emotion and attention on campus green space, 30 college students were invited to have audio-visual experience on campus. Eye movement tracking and galvanic skin response were used to analyze the differences in attention and mood under different soundscapes, and the effect of attention on emotional arousal under the influence of different soundscapes. The results showed: 1) Compared with low natural sound, the degree of physiological arousal increased significantly when the participants were exposed to traffic and artificial sounds; 2) Different types of soundscape have a significant impact on the area of visual interest. When the sound source is significant enough, individuals will be guided to search for the relevant landscape elements in the visual scene; 3) In natural acoustic environment with low pressure level, auditory information to guide participants to pay attention to green plants is an effective way to reduce physiological arousal and improve natural healing. Soundscape can be considered as an important health factor in future campus green space planning and design.
Key words:  landscape architecture  restorative environment  soundscape  campus environment  emotion  attention  eye- movement

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