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美国佛罗里达国家风景游径的规划与 管理研究
郑江,杜雁*
0
()
摘要:
佛罗里达国家风景游径以展现和保护自然风景资源为目标连接全州动植物栖息地,并提供以远足为主的游憩活动,率先在全美设立了保护野生动物安全迁徙的生态廊道。在田野踏查和参与游径维护的体验基础上分析了佛罗里达国家风景游径的选线方法、规划重点和维护管理,发现该游径的设立营造了城镇地区与原始自然地的缓冲带,实现了生态走廊构建、水环境治理、科普教育和历史文化保护等多功能,并为佛罗里达州每年带来了高额的旅游经济收入,具有显著的生态保护综合效益。
关键词:  风景园林  美国国家风景游径  佛罗里达国家风景游径  规划  维护
DOI:
基金项目:
A Study on the Planning and Management of American Florida National Scenic Trail
ZHENG Jiang,DU Yan
()
Abstract:
With the aim of protecting Florida’s primitive ecological landscape, the Florida National Scenic Trail connects the most attractive wildlife habitats within the state of Florida. It offers hiking as its main recreational use and takes the lead in building the wildlife corridor for protecting wildlife migration. It is a good example of the balance of ecological protection and recreational development. Research based on field investigation, trail maintenance, and related literature, led to the analysis of the route selection method, the key aspects of planning, and the maintenance and management of the Florida National Scenic Trail. The conclusion was that the foundation of the Florida National Scenic Trail connects natural and historical sites, serves as a buffer zone for urban areas, and primitive land. It also serves multiple functions such as serving as a wildlife corridor structure, it provides water environment treatment, science education, historical and cultural protection, among other things. This brings a lot of tourism and income to Florida every year, as well as having significant ecological benefits.
Key words:  landscape architecture  American National Scenic Trails System  Florida National Scenic Trail  planning  maintenance

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