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山地城镇在地景观研究:缘起、发展与展望
杜春兰,贾刘耀,林立揩
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摘要:
在山地区域城镇化快速发展背景下,山地城镇在地景观的研究逐渐兴起,并愈来愈受到人们的关注。回顾了山地城镇在地景观研究的缘起,强调了“人-地”关系的协调是该领域研究的重要出发点。通过文献计量与传统综述分析,梳理了国内外主要研究进展,归纳该领域研究呈现出从静态向动态、从现象到原理、从单一目标向多目标综合、越来越强调“人-地”互动等趋势;并分析了规划设计领域的历史景观特征图谱及现代转译、生态规划与生态修复和公共空间适应性规划等方面的研究进展。面对日益复杂的山地城镇景观,风景园林人应积极推进基础理论研究与实践的协同并举,以期为山地城镇建设作出风景园林学科的贡献。
关键词:  风景园林  山地城镇  在地景观  研究展望
DOI:
基金项目:
In-site Landscape Study in Mountainous Cities: Origin, Progress, and Opportunities
DU Chunlan,JIA Liuyao,LIN Likai
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Abstract:
The studies on in-site landscape in mountainous cities are thriving and getting more and more attention with the accelerating urbanization progress in mountainous cities. This paper reviewed the origin of the studies on in-site landscape in mountainous cities and emphasized that harmonizing people and the earth is indispensable for the studies. By bibliometric analysis and classical literature review of the leading research progress at home and abroad, we concluded that the research is changing from static to dynamic, from phenomenon to principle, from single objective to multi-objective coupling, and more and more emphasis on the interaction between human and the earth. We further analyzed the progress of historical landscape characterization and conversion, ecological planning and restoration, and adaptive planning of open space in the field of landscape planning and design. Landscape researchers should promote basic theory study and practice synergistically to contribute to mountainous city development under the increasingly complex mountainous landscape.
Key words:  landscape architecture  mountainous city  in-site landscape  research prospect

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