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辽代游牧行营景观的空间布局及人地 关系特点解析
刘文卿,刘大平*
0
()
摘要:
辽代契丹行营是中国北方典型的古代游牧景观,行 营的空间布局方式在一定程度上反映了当时的社会结构和生活 方式。通过解读《辽史·营卫志》、明摹宋本《胡笳十八拍》 画卷、辽代墓葬壁画以及吉林乾安春捺钵遗址群考古报告中的 契丹游牧行营空间意向,阐述契丹行营游牧景观的要素构成特 点。同时将行营景观空间解构为游牧空间单元、游牧空间组团 和游牧空间社区3种形式,并整理对应的车帐、营盘和聚落空间 图式语言。分析辽代游牧行营景观空间的形态结构特征及其与 自然环境的紧密依存关系,解读其人地关系特点对当代草原游 牧文化建设的启示作用。
关键词:  风景园林  契丹  游牧行营  空间布局  人地关系
DOI:
基金项目:
The Spatial Layout and Man-land Relationship ofNomadic Landscape in Khitan Camp, Liao Dynasty
LIU Wenqing,LIU Daping
()
Abstract:
The nomadic camp of Liao Dynasty is a kind of typical ancient nomadic landscape of north China, and the space layout way of nomadic camp reflects the social structure and living pattern. By analyzing the historical documents, the murals of Liao Dynasty and the archaeological reports, the paper introduces the construction elements of nomadic landscape of the Khitan camp, and deconstructs the camp landscape space into three forms which are nomadic space unit, nomadic space group and nomadic space community, and also refines the spatial graphic language of the corresponding felt carriage, nomadic campsite and nomadic settlements. Finally, it demonstrates the morphological and structural characteristics of the landscape space of the nomadic camp in Liao Dynasty and its close dependence on the natural environment, and explains its enlightenment function for the construction of modern culture in the grassland region in north China.
Key words:  landscape architecture  Khitan  nomadic camp  space layout  man-land relationship

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