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场景·人物·精神——文化景观视角下 香格里拉传统村落保护研究
李天依,翟辉,胡康榆
0
()
摘要:
传统村落是重要的文化遗产,香格里拉地区因其千 姿百态、民族各异的传统村落而成为村落文化景观富集区, 但目前的规划重物质而轻文化。总结传统村落的研究现状及问 题,分析村落文化景观的内涵,论述“场景·人物·精神”三 者的辩证关系,提出从文化景观视角进行传统村落的整体性保 护研究。以小街子村为例,说明场景、人物、精神这3个要素 在传统村落文化景观系统中的协同作用和统一关系,得出以下 结论:避免仅关注村落“场景”而忽视“人物”和“精神信 仰”,注重文化景观系统及节点要素的梳理和维护,保护历史 文化要素空间,审视“外力”,守住场所精神,建构出“文 化-空间-时间”的村落文化景观多维分析框架。
关键词:  风景园林  村落文化景观  “场景·人物·精神”  传统村落  香格里拉  藏族
DOI:
基金项目:
Scenes, People, and Spirit—Study on theProtection of Traditional Villages in Shangri-Lafrom the Perspective of Cultural Landscape
LI Tianyi,ZHAI Hui,HU Kangyu
()
Abstract:
Traditional villages are important cultural heritages, they are varied and diverse from each other and have different nations in Shangri-La so that the village cultural landscape is rich in this region, but the present protection planning pays more attention to physical environment than the culture. The paper summarizes the present situations and problems in research of traditional villages, analyzes the connotation of village cultural landscape, discusses the dialectical relationship among "scenes, people, and spirit", then puts forward a holistic protection method for traditional villages from the perspective of cultural landscape. Taking Xiaojiezi Village as the example, it explains the synergetic unified functions of the three factors of "scenes, people, and spirit" in village cultural landscape system. Then it draws the following conclusions: avoiding only paying attention to "scenes" while neglecting "people" and "spirit"; combing and safeguarding cultural landscape system and its node elements; protecting the space of historical and cultural elements; examining "external forces" and keeping the spirit of places; shaping the multidimensional analytical framework for village cultural landscape about "culture, space, and time".
Key words:  landscape architecture  village cultural landscape  scenes-people-spirit  traditional village  Shangri-La  Tibetan

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