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“绝境景观”——美国国家公园中的印第安崖居研究
冯棣,文艺
0
()
摘要:
美国西南地区丰富的印第安文化遗存,促成了西南成为美国国家公园和国家纪念地分布最为密集的地区。其中最有代表性的景观要素——崖居,是印第安族群迫于亡种灭族的生存压力,在人类几乎无法完成空间建造的崖壁上,利用有限的生产资源创造的文化景观奇迹。当美洲大地上全是印第安城市及村落的场景在历史上几乎被完全抹去时,残留在美国西南大地皮肤褶皱中的崖居,被当作国家公园或国家纪念地中的重要景观资源保留下来,成为美国公众共享的国家记忆。通过对崖居空间元素、历史形成的分析,揭示崖居文化景观“化石”遗产样本的研究具有超越地域、人种、国别的启示和意义。
关键词:  风景园林  美国国家公园  文化景观  印第安  崖居
DOI:
基金项目:
"Landscape on Brink": Research on Indian Cliff Dwellings in US National Parks
FENG Di,WEN Yi
()
Abstract:
The southwest region of the United States is the most densely distributed area of national parks and monuments because of its rich Indian heritage. The most representative landscape elements—Indian cliff dwellings, constructed on the cliff wall with limited resources, were the miracle of human civilization created by the native American people under the pressure of extinction. While the scenes of numerous American Indian cities and villages were almost completely erased in the history, the cliff dwellings, remaining in the folds of the land in the southwestern United States are preserved as a special type of fossil landscape of human civilization. By analyzing the spatial elements and historical formation of cliff dwellings, this paper reveals that the study of the "fossil" heritage samples of this landscape has implications and significance beyond regions, races and countries.
Key words:  landscape architecture  US national park  cultural landscape  Indian  cliff

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