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生态智慧研究:历史、发展与方向
杜春兰,贾刘耀
0
()
摘要:
为应对人类世背景下日益严峻的环境问题,生态智慧概念得到了人居环境研究者的广泛关注。但生态智慧研究仍处于起步阶段,其科学支撑、研究范畴和发展方向仍不清晰。回顾“生态智慧”概念的发展,发现其与环境运动和可持续性科学联系紧密。通过文献计量与分析,验证了以人居环境学科为主体的生态智慧研究领域已初步形成,但存在与现代实践联系不紧密的问题。提出生态智慧迭代演进的概念框架和挖掘传统生态智慧、完善地域性生态技术合集、开展设计实践、建立生态智慧导向的评估指标体系,以及参与生态美学教育5个风景园林师可以促进生态智慧研究的重要方向。
关键词:  风景园林  生态智慧  景观可持续性  生态实践  文献计量
DOI:
基金项目:
Ecological Wisdom Research: History, Development and Opportunities
DU Chunlan,,JIA Liuyao
()
Abstract:
In the Anthropocene, ecological wisdom has become a guideline for researchers to deal with the challenges of environmental issues. However, the study of ecological wisdom is in its infancy, and the scientific context, research categories and trends are not clear. Reviewing the history of "ecological wisdom", it was found to be closely related to the development of environmental campaign and sustainable science. By bibliometric review and analysis, the authors verified that the field of ecological wisdom with the subject of human settlements has been initially established, while it is not closely related to modern practice. On this basis, the conceptual framework of the iterative regeneration of ecological wisdom and five strategies were proposed to promote ecological wisdom research: excavating traditional ecological wisdom, improving regional ecological technology, developing design experiments, establishing ecological intelligence-oriented evaluation index system and participating in ecological aesthetic education.
Key words:  landscape architecture  ecological wisdom  landscape sustainability  ecological practice  bibliometric

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