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何处寄乡愁?——由厦门、新疆高中生景观偏好比较研究引发的思考
罗涛,杨凤梅,黄丽坤*,徐敏
0
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摘要:
城镇化引发的大规模人员流动导致了大范围的文化融合与趋同,这是“乡愁”问题成为社会热点的现实背景。以厦门市本地高中生与驻厦新疆高中生为对比研究对象,通过实施景观宜居及审美偏好测试,探讨2组人群景观偏好差异特征及其同化趋势。结果显示:1)2组人群文化特征的差异性和趋同性并存;2)2组人群对新、旧景观的宜居偏好差异显著,现代城市文化的冲击对新疆交流生的影响更大;3)2组人群对于新、旧景观的审美偏好趋于一致,人员流动性减弱了新疆交流生景观审美价值的地域性。针对流动人群的景观偏好研究,凸显了城市建设中延续地域景观特色的紧迫性。研究结论对“乡愁”经济建设和城市规划发展方向的探讨具有积极探索价值。
关键词:  风景园林  文化景观  景观审美  城镇化  地域差异  文化融合
DOI:
基金项目:
Where Goes the Homesickness?—Contemplation on the Results of a Comparative Study on Landscape Preference between High School Students from Xiamen and Xinjiang
LUO Tao,YANG Fengmei,HUANG Likun,XU Min.
()
Abstract:
The large-scale flow of people caused by urbanization has led to a wide range of cultural integration and convergence. This is the realistic background why "homesickness" becoming a social hot spot. This study takes two different groups of high school students as research object. These two groups coming from one Xiamen senior school, have different district backgrounds, which of one is native, the other is Xinjiang. Through questionnaire surveys of the preference of landscape habitability and aesthetics, their landscape preference characteristics and assimilation trend are discussed. The results shows that: 1) The difference and convergence of cultural characteristics are co-exist; 2) The difference of habitability demand between the two groups in the old and new landscapes is significant, which shows a greater impact of modern urban culture on Xinjiang students than Xiamen students; 3) The aesthetics preference of the two groups have the same trend, indicating that the population mobility has weaken the Xinjiang students' regional characteristic of aesthetic value. The research on the landscape preference of the floating population highlights the urgency of maintaining traditional region landscape features in urbanization. Also, the conclusions have positive exploration value for the "homesickness" economy and the developing trend of urban planning.
Key words:  landscape architecture  cultural landscape  landscape aesthetics  urbanization  regional difference  cultural integration

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