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“流观”与中国传统景观空间设计研究
张春彦,王玫,王其亨
0
()
摘要:
在对自然长期的探索中,“流观”的“观照”方式 逐渐成为华夏民族对自然万物观照的一种思维定式,符合中国 人的审美习惯,影响了传统艺术的欣赏和创作。用“流观”的 方式考察传统园林空间艺术,对“流观”一词追本溯源,总结 出“流观”的3点内涵,即视点游移变化的广瞻,由空间游动 带来的时间感,以及强调心理主观感受。对应分析“流观”在 园林空间中的设计表现,探讨“流观”与中国传统景观空间设 计的关系及其影响下中国传统景观设计的特性。
关键词:  风景园林  流观  整体性  时空合一体  意境
DOI:
基金项目:
Study on Flowing View and Chinese TraditionalLandscape Space Design
ZHANG Chunyan,WANG Mei,WANG Qiheng
()
Abstract:
In the long-term exploration of nature, one aesthetic method called "flowing view" (a way of viewing with changing viewpoint) has gradually become a kind of thinking set of the Chinese nation to observe the nature things. This kind of observation conforms to the aesthetic habits of Chinese people, and affects the appreciation and creation of Chinese traditional art. This paper studies the traditional garden space art in the way of "flowing view", traces back to the source of "flowing view", and sums up the three connotations of it: firstly, a broad view of the shift and change of viewpoint; secondly, the sense of time brought by space moving; and thirdly, emphasis on psychological subjective feelings. It also analyzes the design performance of "flowing view" in the field of garden space, by using correspondence analysis method. It discusses the relationship between "flowing view" and Chinese traditional landscape space design, and explores the characteristics of Chinese traditional landscape design under the influence of "flowing view".
Key words:  landscape architecture  flowing view  wholeness  space- time integration  artistic conception

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