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北京园林寺庙景观的公众认知与体验 评价研究——以潭柘寺、八大处、大觉寺 和红螺寺为例
李源,李险峰*
0
()
摘要:
以北京潭柘寺、八大处、大觉寺和红螺寺为例,使用Python语言和R语言对4处园林寺庙的10 785条游人网络点评进行分析,通过自然语言处理领域的情感分析和主题模型方法揭示此类寺庙景观在当今城市发展背景下的公众认知;在此基础上,构建当代公众对园林寺庙景观的体验评价体系,通过问卷调研对相关游客的景观体验进行定量评价,并用重要性-绩效分析剖析各评价指标的优势与不足,以此从风景园林学角度揭示园林寺庙的当代保护与利用现状,为今后相关城乡文化遗产保护实践与研究提供审慎参考。
关键词:  风景园林  园林寺庙  情感分析  主题模型  重要性-绩效分析
DOI:
基金项目:
Assessment of Public Perception and Visitor Experience on Landscape Buddhist Temple in Beijing: A Case Study of Tanzhe Temple, Badachu Park, Dajue Temple and Hongluo Temple
LI Yuan,LI Xianfeng
()
Abstract:
This paper selected four Buddhist temples in Beijing, Tanzhe Temple, Badachu Temple, Dajue Temple, and Hongluo Temple, as case studies. Two natural language processing technologies, including sentiment analysis and topic modeling of Python and R language, were used to transform online public opinion on these historical sites into sentimental and topical indicators for understanding public concerns with different sentiments. Then based on the study mentioned above, the evaluation attributes of visitor satisfaction with these four temples were constructed. Also, the importance-performance analysis was applied to determine various attributes' range of impact on visitor satisfaction through questionnaires. The proposed assessment framework is expected to reveal the current situation of the conservation and the reuse of contemporary religious heritages, and provide a reference with stakeholders and related practices in the future.
Key words:  landscape architecture  landscape Buddhist temple  sentiment analysis  topic model  importance-performance analysis (IPA)

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