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社会生态韧性视角下的乡村聚居景观演化及影响机制——以新疆村落的适应性循环为例
孙应魁,翟斌庆*
0
()
摘要:
适应性循环是广泛存在于乡村聚落发展历程中的基本演替表征,是特定乡村景观时空格局与过程交互适应规律的直接投射。以社会-生态韧性视角下的适应性循环架构展开的乡村聚居形态研究,不仅利于定向寻求景观风貌历史荣衰而呈现出的独特演化规律,更有利于深层次把握地域乡村景观特色的影响驱动内涵。聚焦于新疆乡村聚居实体形态景观(本体、中心地标、循环系统、特殊区),通过适应循环系统的兴起、繁盛、衰退、重构阶段发展特征解析,梳理乡村聚居景观演变的时间脉络和空间拓展过程,初步探析出聚居景观形态演变的3种主要驱动影响机制:地理环境与乡村聚居景观空间情势的互适融合,产业经济对于聚居景观存续发展的引擎带动,以及宗教民俗之于乡村聚居景观文脉表征的统领浸淫。
关键词:  :风景园林  生态适应性循环  乡村聚居景观  演化影响
DOI:
基金项目:
Evolution and Influence Mechanism of Rural Settlement Landscape from the Perspective of Social Ecological Resilience—Take the Adaptive Cycle of Xinjiang Villages as an Example
SUN Yingkui,ZHAI Binqing
()
Abstract:
Adaptive cycle is a kind of basic characteristics that widely exists in the development of rural settlements. It is a direct projection of the spatial and temporal pattern of the process interaction. The study of the form compact in the view is not only conducive to the orientation and decline of the landscape style, but also to the deep understanding of the influence and driving connotation the landscape characteristics. The article focuses on the form landscape (main body, central landmark, circulation system, and special area) of the rural habitat area in Xinjiang, and it can adapt to the rise, stability, recession and reconstruction phases of the cycle system. This paper analyzes the temporal context and spatial expansion process evolution of rural habitat landscape, and preliminarily analyzes the three main influencing habitat landscape forms: the mutual integration of geographical environment and the spatial situation of rural habitat landscape, the introduction of industrial economy to the survival and development, and the immersion religious folklore in rural habitat landscape.
Key words:  landscape architecture  adaptability cycle  rural habitat landscape  evolution influence

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