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中外清真寺庭院特征分析比较 研究——以中国沿海清真寺为例
(叙利亚)威尔,成玉宁*
0
()
摘要:
重点分析了中国3个沿海省份的清真寺院落构成,反映了中国文明的影响,界定其对清真寺质量设计的影响。通过实地考察、文献查询、数据分析等研究手段收集大量的相关资料,发现与其他清真寺庭院相比,中国清真寺庭院有明显的不同之处:植物作为自然元素的大量运用与水元素的相对较少使用。此外,最大的特点是景观装饰元素的使用和连续庭院被门分隔的形象,而在之前设计中却没有出现。总之,中国清真寺庭院不同于其他清真寺庭院,其通过丰富的自然元素设计呈现出独特的自然模式。
关键词:  风景园林  中国与伊斯兰  中式清真寺  清真寺庭院  庭院元素特征
DOI:
基金项目:
Analytical Comparative Study on Courtyard Characteristics of Chinese and Foreign Mosques—Case Study of Chinese Costal Mosques
(Syria) Wael Alhasan,CHENG Yuning
()
Abstract:
The present study highlights the Chinese mosque courtyard components among three coastal Chinese provinces, which reflect the influences of Chinese civilization and define its weight effects on mosque quality design. Expansive field observation and analytical methods, as well as library investigation, were performed for data collection. One of the critical observation that was noticed in the Chinese mosque courtyards is that the courtyards are significantly different compared with other mosques. The research findings include the plenty use of plants as natural elements as well as the lack of water elements. Moreover, the most striking feature that is noted is the use of landscape furnishing elements and the appearance of a continuous courtyard that separated by gates which are not presented in the previous design. In summary, the Chinese mosques present a unique natural model diverse from other mosques courtyard through the wonderful addition of natural elements.
Key words:  landscape architecture  China and Islam  Chinese mosque  mosque courtyard  courtyard element characteristics

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