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清代南京随园复原研究
赵丹苹,王芳,薛晓飞*
0
()
摘要:
南京随园是清中叶文坛大家袁枚所造私园,后毁于太平天国战火之乱。通过文献资料的搜集整理、对比分析,特别是根据相关的园文、园图,完成随园盛期时平面图的考据和复原,尽可能完整的重现这座历史名园。然后在此基础上对其布局构成、造园艺术等进行简析:其相地选址尽得清凉山与干河沿自然之利,依山傍水,景色优美且兼具谢公墩旧址文化底蕴;园林营建巧于因借,精在体宜,布局精巧,与周边金陵胜景融为一体。随园的独特之处还在于其虽为私家园林,却具有部分公共园林的性质,在当时可谓独树一帜。
关键词:  风景园林  历史名园  随园  复原研究
DOI:
基金项目:
Research on Nanjing Suiyuan Restoration in Qing Dynasty
ZHAO Danping,WANG Fang,XUE Xiaofei
()
Abstract:
Nanjing Suiyuan was a private garden built by Yuan Mei, a literary writer from the middle of Qing Dynasty, and was later destroyed by the chaos of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom. Through the collection and collation of literature data, comparative analysis, in particular by the literatures and paintings of the garden, this article completes the layout of its prime time, and reproduces this historic garden as complete as possible. Based on this analysis, the layout composition and the art of landscape architecture are briefly analyzed. The location of the site takes fully the natural advantages of Qingliang Mountain and Ganhe Riverside. It is surrounded by mountains and rivers, and has beautiful scenery and the cultural heritage of the Xiegongdun site. The garden construction is built on the basis of borrowing, precision, and exquisite layout, and it is integrated with surrounding Jinling scenery. The unique feature of Suiyuan is that although it is a private garden, it has the some nature of public garden and was unique at that time.
Key words:  landscape architecture  historic park  Suiyuan  restoration research

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