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城市设计中道路绿地系统特色风貌设计策略——以岳阳市为例
朱海雄,朱镱妮,程昊
0
()
摘要:
城市道路绿地系统是塑造城市特色风貌的重要载体。对政策文件和有关规划成果进行探讨,提出特色风貌控制内容不完整和塑造要素缺失两方面问题,导致按现行政策规范编制的绿地系统规划无法引导特色风貌形成。同时以岳阳为例,对城市道路绿地系统风貌现状进行分析,提出整体特征不明显、轮廓线条不优美、季相色彩不丰富、功能发挥不全面四方面问题,这些问题导致整体特色风貌不鲜明,实质上与缺乏完善的上位规划从宏观到微观引导特色风貌塑造有关;同时提出线型空间有机结合、横纵断面轮廓清晰、重要节点构成独特、街旁游园适宜设置和植物材料组合应用五方面特点,重要线路上道路绿地风貌呈现明显特色。开展城市设计工作为塑造道路绿地系统特色风貌提供了良好契机,基于研究结果,提出岳阳市道路绿地系统特色风貌塑造的城市设计概念框架和景观风貌科学合理分区、特色风貌控制体系构建、主要道路特色风貌塑造三方面设计策略,以期塑造鲜明的道路绿地系统特色风貌。
关键词:  风景园林  城市设计  道路绿地系统  特色风貌  设计策略  岳阳市
DOI:
基金项目:
Design Strategy of Road Green Space System Characteristic Styles in Urban Design: A Case Study of Yueyang as an Example
ZHU Haixiong,ZHU Yini,CHENG Hao
()
Abstract:
Urban road green space system is an important carrier to shape the characteristic styles of city. In this study, policy documents and planning results were discussed, and the problems of incomplete content of characteristic style control and missing shaping elements were proposed, leading to that according to the current policy norms, the urban green space system planning cannot guide the formation of characteristic style. Taking Yueyang as an example, this paper first analyzes the present situation of urban road green space system styles, and points out that there are four problems: the overall features are not obvious, the contour lines are not beautiful, the seasonal color is not rich, and the function is not comprehensive. It leads to that the status quo characteristic styles are not distinct. In essence, it is related to the lack of perfect upper planning from macroscopic to microscopic guidance of characteristic style shaping. It summarizes five characteristics of organic combination of linear space, clear profile of transverse and longitudinal sections, unique composition of important nodes, suitable setting of roadside gardens and combined application of plant materials, which makes the landscape of road green space on important routes present obvious characteristics. Urban design work provides a good opportunity to shape the characteristics of road green space system. Based on this, it puts forward the conceptual framework of urban design for shaping the characteristic style of Yueyang road green space system, and it puts forward three design strategies: scientific and reasonable zoning of the landscape style, constructing of the characteristic style control system, creating of the unique style and features of the main road, in order to create the distinct road green space system characteristics styles.
Key words:  landscape architecture  urban design  road green space system  characteristic style  design strategy  Yueyang City

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