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城市公园恢复性评价心理模型研究 ——基于环境偏好及场所依恋理论视角
刘群阅,吴瑜,肖以恒,黄启堂*,兰思仁
0
()
摘要:
环境偏好是游憩者对城市公园环境的一种评价,场所依恋是游憩者与城市公园之间的情感联结,而恢复性评价则是人在城市公园中感知到的心理健康效益。论述了环境偏好、场所依恋及恢复性评价之间的关系,借鉴自我调节理论,构建了城市公园恢复性评价心理模型,并以福州的9个城市公园为例,进行模型验证。结果表明,城市公园的恢复性评价心理路径有2条,分别是“环境偏好→恢复性评价”的简单影响路径和“环境偏好→场所依赖→场所认同→恢复性评价”的综合复杂影响路径。表明游憩者在城市公园中的恢复性感知是一个渐进式的心理感知过程,尤其是在具有场所依恋情感的环境中,经历了“环境认知评价→情感响应→情绪启动”的心理过程,认清这种复杂的心理路径对今后塑造更具恢复性的城市公园景观具有一定的指导借鉴意义。
关键词:  风景园林  环境偏好  场所依恋  恢复性评价  城市公园  心理模型
DOI:
基金项目:
The Inherent Psychological Mechanism of Perceived Restoration of Urban Parks—An Perspective from Environmental Preference and Place Attachment Theory
LIU Qunyue,WU Yu,XIAO Yiheng,HUANG Qitang,LAN Siren
()
Abstract:
Environmental preference, as an expression of human need and desire, has a strong influence on a person's attitude toward the environment. Place attachment can be described as a complex and psychological relationship or bond between an individual and the environment. Perceived restoration of urban parks plays an important role in people's psychological health. This study focuses on the relationship among environmental preference, restoration and place attachment, and the inherent psychological mechanisms. The aim is to discover the internal mechanisms of perceived restoration and provide theoretical basis and decision support for environmental design. Firstly, the paper summarizes current research on the relationship between environmental preference, place attachment and restorative perception and proposes a new conceptual model to depict the relationship among them based on the self-regulation theory. Next, 9 urban parks in Fuzhou are chosen as the study area for empirical analysis. Finally, it is found that there are two paths, one is "environmental preference→perceived restoration" and the other one is "environmental preference→place dependence→place identify→perceived restoration". Therefore, this study provides a new perspective for understanding the mechanism by which people's perception of constructed environments-urban parks influence people's physical and mental health, and it also provides a reference for park designers and managers.
Key words:  landscape architecture  environmental preference  place attachment  perceived restoration  urban park  psychological mechanism

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