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香山静宜园香山寺相地选址及布局 理法浅析
伊琳娜,薛晓飞*
0
()
摘要:
通过文献分析和实地调研,探索北京静宜园香山寺的历史沿革,分析其相地选址、建筑布局理法,并简述其艺术价值。香山寺坐落于“藏风聚气、背风向阳”的西山东坡山腰的脊线之上,在选址方面充分体现“得体合宜”之相地要领,巧妙地利用了自然的有利生态条件,满足了人居环境的基本需求。香山寺内建筑主要沿中轴布置,起承转合,形成颇具特色的“上宫下寺”的结构,错落的佛殿与自然完美融合,在景观营造方面颇具艺术性。
关键词:  风景园林  香山寺  选址  布局  寺观园林
DOI:
基金项目:
An Analysis of Site Selection and Layout Method of Xiangshan Temple in Jingyi Garden
YI Linna,XUE Xiaofei
()
Abstract:
Through literature analysis and field research, this paper explores the historical evolution of Xiangshan Temple in Jingyi Garden, Beijing, analyzes its site location and architectural layout, and briefly describes its artistic value. Xiangshan Temple, which is leeward with the sunshine, is located on the ridge of the east slope of Xishan Mountain. Its site selection fully embodies the essentials of appropriateness. Xiangshan Temple takes advantage of the favorable ecological conditions of nature with a subtle way, and meets the basic needs of human settlements. Its buildings are mainly arranged along the central axis, forming a distinctive structure of "the upper palace and the under temple". The scattered Buddhist temples are perfectly integrated with nature, which is quite artistic in landscape.
Key words:  landscape architecture  Xiangshan Temple  site selection  layout  temple garden

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