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古代诗文典籍中“城市”与“山林”关系的思辨初探
边谦
0
()
摘要:
“城市山林”作为中国园林史研究中屡被提及的重要概念,已有了具体而明确的理论赋义。与之形成反差的,是当代研究长期缺乏对该词的历史溯源。为此,基于《四库全书》检索得到一定数量的文献史料,对“城市山林”概念的发展演变进行了初步考析。从中发现,“城市山林”并非一开始就是独立的概念;“城市”与“山林”两词媾和的过程,本质上是文人阶层有关“人之栖居”问题的长期思辨与抉择。而对此的认知,或将有助于更好地理解“园林”与“城市山林”之间的关系。
关键词:  风景园林  城市山林  历史概念  文人阶层  古代诗文典籍  《四库全书》
DOI:
基金项目:
A Preliminary Study of Relationship between "Chengshi (City)" and "Shanlin (Landscape)" in Chinese Ancient Literature
BIAN Qian
()
Abstract:
As an important concept frequently mentioned in the study of Chinese garden history, "chengshishanlin (urban landscape)" has been clearly and concretely defined by scholars. In contrast, contemporary studies have long lacked tracing to the historical origin of the term. Based on historical documents retrieved from the Complete Library in the Four Branches of Literature, this paper makes a preliminary study on the development and induction of the concept of "chengshishanlin", and finds that "chengshishanlin" was not an independent concept initially, and the process of integrating "chengshi (city)" and "shanlin (landscape)" was essentially a long-term thinking and choice of the literati class on the issue of "human habitation". This perception may help better understand the relationship between "garden" and "chengshishanlin".
Key words:  landscape architecture  chengshishanlin (urban landscape)  historical concept  literati class  Chinese ancient literature  Complete Library in the Four Branches of Literature

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