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基于城市空间规划设计视角的颗粒物空气污染控制策略研究综述
戴菲,陈明,傅凡,熊和平*
0
()
摘要:
颗粒物空气污染是世界各国在快速城镇化过程中共同面临的严峻挑战。借助CNKI和Web of science,通过文献查阅整理城市空间在颗粒物污染方面的研究,系统性地总结该研究领域的整体特征与调节颗粒物污染的城市空间规划设计策略。结果显示:1)该研究属于一个新兴而前沿的学术领域,近年来呈持续上升趋势,相关文献主要来自中国、美国、英国与德国;2)绿色空间通过城市尺度的风道网络、绿地系统规划,街区尺度的公园绿地、湖泊湿地、道路绿带、城市森林对颗粒物污染产生消减作用;3)灰色空间通过城市尺度的城市形态优化、土地利用布局、街区尺度的街谷空间改造降低颗粒物污染;4)遥感反演与数值模拟技术(WRF、CFD)为规划设计策略提供技术支撑。最后对已有研究成果进行总结,并提出研究展望。
关键词:  风景园林  绿色空间  灰色空间  规划设计  颗粒物空气污染  控制策略  综述
DOI:
基金项目:
A Review of Control Strategies for Particulate Matter Air Pollution Based on Urban Space Planning and Design
DAI Fei,CHEN Ming,FU Fan,XIONG Heping
()
Abstract:
Particulate air pollution is a serious challenge confronting many countries of rapid urbanization. With the help of CNKI and Web of Science, the paper systematically summarized the overall characteristics of research field and the urban space planning and design strategies for regulating particulate matter through literature review. The result shows that: 1) The research is a new and frontier academic field, which increased continuously in recent years and achievements on research mainly from China, America, England and Germany; 2) Effects of green space on particulate matter removal of are mainly through the two aspects: wind tunnel and green space system in urban scale and patch, and park green space, lake wetland, roadside belt, forest in block scale; 3) Effects of gray space on particulate matter removal are also through two aspects: optimization of urban morphology and land use in urban scale, and street canyon in block scale; 4) Remote sensing inversion and numerical simulation provide technical support for the planning and design strategies. Finally, the paper summarizes the existing research results and points out the research prospects
Key words:  landscape architecture  green space  gray space  planning and design  particulate matter air pollution  control strategy  review

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